[International Journal of Physiotherapy 2015; 2(1) : 310-390] RSS
DOI : N/A
Pages : 310
Neelam Nayak, Pranali Mahajan.
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60032
Pages : 311-316
Dr. Rohit Subhedar, Dr. Pallavi Dave, Dr. Priyanka Mishra, Dr. Dirgha Mehta
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60034
Pages : 317-326
Shefali Gambhir, Narkeesh Arumugam
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60035
Pages : 327-332
M. Srikanth, Dr.V.Srikumari, Dr.K.Madhavi
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60040
Pages : 333-340
Jaisinghani Nami Suresh, Jiandani Mariya Prakash, Mehta Amita Anil
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60037
Pages : 341-346
Uday Raj J, Prof. Srikanth R, Khyati G, Balakrishna G
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60039
Pages : 347-351
Dr. Venkata Naga Prahalada Karnati, Sreekar kumar reddy.R
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60041
Pages : 352-360
Jibi Paul, Dr. M S Nagarajan
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60042
Pages : 361-364
Background: Football is the world's most popular sport. There are over 240 million registered players worldwide and many more recreational footballers. The knee is a complex joint with many components making it vulnerable to a variety of injuries. The study has investigated the effect of knee proprioception error on injured and uninjured male professional footballers.
Methods: This was a cross sectional comparative study with hundred and six (106) male professional footballers were selected for the study as per the selection criteria. Hundred and eighteen injured and ninety four uninjured knee samples were analysed for this study. Photographic analysis method was used to evaluate proprioception error at inner, middle and outer range of knee joint. Proprioception error of knee joint was measured at inner range, middle range and outer range for injured and uninjured groups. Data analysis found that there is significant difference in proprioception error between the groups.
Result: Comparative study was performed using independent t’ test for proprioception error between knee injured and uninjured groups. P<0.05 were considered as significant difference in effect for this study. The means of knee injured and uninjured groups were 6.08 and 5.55 respectively with t’ value 2.21 and degree of freedom 634. The study found that proprioception error has significant difference in effect on knee injury, with P< 0.03*.
Conclusion: The study concluded that proprioception error was varied between knee injured and uninjured groups. Proprioception error of knee joint was more among injured male professional footballers compared to the uninjured footballers.
Niha Siraj Mulla, Vinod Babu. K, Sai Kumar. N, Syed Rais Rizvi
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60050
Pages : 365-375
Background:A temporo-mandibular joint dysfunction or TMD is a group of conditions characterized by pain in the muscles of mastication, the temporo-mandiblar joint or both. Rocabado has described techniques includes the Rocabado’s manipulation and Rocabado’s exercises which have both been individually advocated for treatment of TMD. The purpose of study is to determine the effectiveness of Rocabado’s techniques on TMJ dysfunction symptoms, pain, TMJ Range of Motion (ROM) and jaw functional limitation for subjects with temporo-mandibular joint dysfunction.
Method: Pre to post test experimental study design, subjects with temporo-mandibular joint dysfunction randomized into two groups with 15 subjects into each group with total of 30 subjects in Study and control group, respectively. The study group received the Rocabado’s technique which consisted of Rocabado’s non-thrust TMJ manipulation and Rocabado’s exercises along with conventional TMJ exercises and the control group received only conventional TMJ exercises. The exercises were performed for 6 times per each session, six times in a day, one session under supervision and remaining five sessions by the subject at home for 6 days in a week for duration of 2 weeks. The outcome measurements such as VAS for pain, TMJ ROM, Fonseca’s questionnaire rating for TMJ dysfunction symptoms and jaw function limitation score (JFLS) was measured before and after two weeks of intervention.
Results: Comparative analysis, using Independent ‘t’ test and Mann Whitney U- test found that the means of VAS, TMJ ROM, Fonseca’s questionnaire and JFLS scores showed statistically significant difference (p <0.05) when the pre-intervention means and post-intervention means were compared between two groups.
Conclusion: It is concluded that Rocabado’s technique found to have statistically and clinically significant added effect with conventional TMJ exercises shown greater percentage of improvements obtained in reducing TMJ dysfunction symptoms, pain, jaw functional limitation and increasing TMJ ROM comparing with only conventional TMJ exercises in subjects with Temporamandibular joint dysfunction with restricted mouth opening mobility.
Chintan Patel, Vinod Babu .K, Sai Kumar .N, Asha .D
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60052
Pages : 376-385
Background:There is a basic assumption from the studies on hip–LBP relationship that suboptimal function of the hip might result in an alteration of the mechanics of the lumbopelvic region. Evidence is mounting to support the possibility that low back pain may be result of hip rotation deficits. The excessive or limited hip rotation range of motion could be a predisposing factor for low back dysfunction. Exercises and hip joint mobilization, individually found to be effective in chronic nonspecific low back pain with hip impairment. Hence, the purpose is to find the effect of hip joint mobilization with stretching exercises on intensity of pain and functional disability for subjects with chronic nonspecific low back pain associated with hip impairment.
Method: An experimental study design selected 30 subjects with chronic low back pain associated with Hip impairment randomized 15 subjects each into Study and Control group. Control group received stretching exercises while Study group received hip joint mobilization with stretching exercises thrice a week for 3 weeks. Pain intensity was measured using Visual Analogue Scale and Functional disability was measured by Modified Oswestry Disability Index for LBP before and after 2 weeks of treatment.
Results: There is statistically significant difference in improvement in means of VAS and Modified ODI when analyzed within the group. When the post-intervention means were compared between Study and Control group there is a statistically significant difference in means after 2 weeks of treatment.
Conclusion: The present study concluded that the two weeks duration of combined hip joint mobilization with stretching exercises significantly effective on improving pain and functional disability than only stretching exercise regimen for chronic non-specific low back pain associated with Hip impairment.
Suneel Kumar Immadi, Kiran Kumar Achyutha, Dr. Amaranth Reddy, Krishna Priya Tatakuntla
DOI : 10.15621/ijphy/2015/v2i1/60047
Pages : 386-390
Background:More than decades Stroke is one of the most frequently occurring disabling disease in the world. Reduced upper extremity function affects the ability to perform activities of daily living, which is likely to reduce independence, function of upper extremity is more difficult than the lower extremity. It can seriously impact the progress of rehabilitation.
Methods: 60 outpatients are identified irrespective of hemorrhagic or thrombotic stroke, among those 30 patients received 40 1-h sessions in eight weeks (5 days/week) of conventional physiotherapy programme taken as group-A and another 30 patients were received 40 1-h sessions in eight weeks (5 days/week) of Motor relearning programme taken as group-B.
Results: After the treatment sessions Patients who received motor relearning programme showed significantly better functional ability when assessing their functional status by task oriented performance than the conventional physiotherapy programme in both outcome scoring values, mean age of the subject who participated in study is 51 years. FMA (n=30 post-test mean=32.27 GROUP-A post-test mean=43.80 GROUP-B T test value t = 5.3743, p- value= < 0.0001) WMFT (n=30 post-test mean=39.80 GROUP-A, post-test mean=71.45 GROUP-B T test value t = 10.3401, p- value= < 0.0001)
Conclusion: Motor relearning programme is found to be effective than the conventional physical therapy programme for enhancing functional recovery of the upper limb in stroke patients.